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Frank Zappa - Author Jean-Luc

Frank Vincent Zappa (pronounced /ˈzæpə/; December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American composer, singer-songwriter, electric guitarist, record producer, and film director. In a career spanning more than 30 years, Zappa wrote rock, jazz, electronic, orchestral, and musique concrète works. He also directed feature-length films and music videos, and designed album covers. Zappa produced almost all of the more than 60 albums he released with the band The Mothers of Invention and as a solo artist.

While in his teens, he acquired a taste for percussion-based avant-garde composers such as Edgard Varèse and 1950s rhythm and blues music. He began writing classical music in high school, while at the same time playing drums in rhythm and blues bands—he later switched to electric guitar. He was a self-taught composer and performer, and his diverse musical influences led him to create music that was often impossible to categorize. His 1966 debut album with the Mothers of Invention, Freak Out!, combined songs in conventional rock and roll format with collective improvisations and studio-generated sound collages. His later albums shared this eclectic and experimental approach, irrespective of whether the fundamental format was one of rock, jazz or classical. He wrote the lyrics to all his songs, which—often humorously—reflected his iconoclastic view of established social and political processes, structures and movements. He was a strident critic of mainstream education and organized religion, and a forthright and passionate advocate for freedom of speech, self-education, political participation and the abolition of censorship.

Zappa was a highly productive and prolific artist and gained widespread critical acclaim. Many of his albums are considered essential in rock and jazz history. He is regarded as one of the most original guitarists and composers of his time. He also remains a major influence on musicians and composers. He had some commercial success, particularly in Europe, and for most of his career was able to work as an independent artist. Zappa was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995 and received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1997.

Frank Zappa was born in Baltimore, Maryland, on December 21, 1940. His mother, Rose Marie (née Colimore), was of Italian and French descent, and his father, Francis Vincent Zappa, was a native of Partinico, Sicily and had Greek and Arab ancestry. Zappa was the eldest of four children, and had two brothers and a sister. The family moved often during Zappa's childhood because his father, a chemist and mathematician, had various jobs in the US defense industry. After a brief time in Florida in the mid-1940s, the family returned to Maryland, where Zappa's father worked at the Edgewood Arsenal chemical warfare facility at the Aberdeen Proving Ground. Due to their home's proximity to the arsenal, which stored mustard gas, gas masks were kept in the house in case of an accident. This had a profound effect on the young Zappa: references to germs, germ warfare and other aspects of the defense industry occur throughout his work.

During his childhood, Zappa was often sick, suffering from asthma, earaches and sinus problems. A doctor treated the latter by inserting a pellet of radium into each of Zappa's nostrils; little was known at the time about the potential dangers of being subjected to even small amounts of therapeutic radiation. Nasal imagery and references appear both in his music and lyrics, as well as in the collage album covers created by his long-time visual collaborator, Cal Schenkel.

Many of Zappa's childhood diseases may have arisen from exposure to mustard gas. His health worsened when he lived in the Baltimore area. In 1952, his family relocated mainly because of Zappa's health. They next moved to Monterey, California, where Zappa's father taught metallurgy at the Naval Postgraduate School. Shortly afterward, they moved to Claremont, then to El Cajon before finally moving to San Diego.

Frank Zappa died on Saturday, December 4, 1993 in his home surrounded by his wife and children. At a private ceremony the following day, Zappa was interred in an unmarked grave at the Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Westwood, Los Angeles. On Monday, December 6 his family publicly announced that "Composer Frank Zappa left for his final tour just before 6:00 pm on Saturday".

Discography Studio Albums

1966 Freak Out!
  • Released: June 27, 1966
  • Label: Verve
1967 Absolutely Free
  • Released: May 26, 1967
Lumpy Gravy
  • Released: 1967
1968 We're Only in It for the Money
  • Released: March 4, 1968
Cruising with Ruben & the Jets
  • Released: December 2, 1968
1969 Uncle Meat
  • Released: April 1969
  • Released: March 1969
Hot Rats
  • Released: October 1969
1970 Burnt Weeny Sandwich
  • Released: February 1970
Weasels Ripped My Flesh
  • Released: August 10, 1970
Chunga's Revenge
  • Released: October 1970
1971 Fillmore East - June 1971
  • Released: August 1971
200 Motels
  • Released: October 1971
1972 Just Another Band from L.A.
  • Released: March 1972
  • Released: July 1972
The Grand Wazoo
  • Released: November 1972
1973 Over-Nite Sensation
  • Released: September 1973
1974 Apostrophe (')
  • Released: March 1974
Roxy & Elsewhere
  • Released: September 1974
1975 One Size Fits All
  • Released: June 1975
Bongo Fury
  • Released: October 1975
1976 Zoot Allures
  • Released: October 1976
1978 Zappa in New York
  • Released: March 1978
Studio Tan
  • Released: September 1978
1979 Sleep Dirt
  • Released: January 1979
Sheik Yerbouti
  • Released: March 1979
Orchestral Favorites
  • Released: May 1979
Joe's Garage
  • Released: September 1979
1981 Tinseltown Rebellion
  • Released: May 11, 1981
Shut Up 'n Play Yer Guitar
  • Released: May, 1981
You Are What You Is
  • Released: September 1981
1982 Ship Arriving Too Late to Save a Drowning Witch
  • Released: May 1982
1983 The Man from Utopia
  • Released: March 1983
Baby Snakes
  • Released: March 1983
London Symphony Orchestra, Vol. 1
  • Released: June 1983
1984 Boulez Conducts Zappa: The Perfect Stranger
  • Released: August 1984
Them or Us
  • Released: October 18, 1984
  • Released: November 1984
Francesco Zappa
  • Released: November 1984
1985 Frank Zappa Meets the Mothers of Prevention
  • Released: November 21, 1985
1986 Does Humor Belong in Music?
  • Released: January, 1986
Jazz from Hell
  • Released: November 1986
1987 London Symphony Orchestra, Vol. 2
  • Released: September 17, 1987
1988 Guitar
  • Released: April 1988
You Can't Do That on Stage Anymore, Vol. 1
  • Released: May 1988
You Can't Do That on Stage Anymore, Vol. 2
  • Released: October 1988
Broadway the Hard Way
  • Released: October 14, 1988
1989 You Can't Do That on Stage Anymore, Vol. 3
  • Released: November 1989
1991 The Best Band You Never Heard in Your Life
  • Released: April 1991
You Can't Do That on Stage Anymore, Vol. 4
  • Released: June 1991
Make a Jazz Noise Here
  • Released: June 1991
1992 You Can't Do That on Stage Anymore, Vol. 5
  • Released: July 1992
You Can't Do That on Stage Anymore, Vol. 6
  • Released: July 1992
Playground Psychotics
  • Released: October 1992
1993 Ahead of Their Time
  • Released: March 1993
The Yellow Shark
  • Released: November 1993
1994 Civilization, Phaze III
  • Released: April 1995
1996 The Lost Episodes
  • Released: February 1996
  • Released: September 1996
Frank Zappa Plays the Music of Frank Zappa: A Memorial Tribute
  • Released: October 1996
1997 Have I Offended Someone?
  • Released: April 1997
1998 Mystery Disc
  • Released: September 1998
1999 Everything Is Healing Nicely
  • Released: December 1999
2002 FZ:OZ
  • Released: August 16, 2002
2003 Halloween
  • Released: February 4, 2003
2004 Joe's Corsage
  • Released: May 30, 2004
Joe's Domage
  • Released: October 1, 2004
  • Released: September 14, 2004
2005 Joe's XMASage
  • Released: December 21, 2005
2006 Imaginary Diseases
  • Released: January 13, 2006
The Making Of Freak Out! Project/Object
  • Released: December 5, 2006
  • Released: October 24, 2006
2007 Buffalo
  • Released: April 1, 2007
The Dub Room Special
  • Released: August 24, 2007
  • Released: October 30, 2007
2008 One Shot Deal
  • Released: June 13, 2008
Joe's Menage
  • Released: October 1, 2008
2009 The Lumpy Money Project/Object
  • Released: January 23, 2009
Philly '76
  • Released: December 21, 2009
2010 Greasy Love Songs
  • Released: April 19, 2010
Congress Shall Make No Law
  • Released: September 19, 2010
Hammersmith Odeon
  • Released: November 16, 2010

Source Wikipedia


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